One of the most important pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. It was here under the Bodhi tree that Gautama Buddha attained enlighten- ment. The place is bustling with pilgrims all through the year who come to pray in the monasteries, shrines and temples. It also attracts tourists from India and abroad owing to its magnificent Buddha statue, the Mahabodhi Temple and the Mahabodhi tree. Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Nearby Gaya is an ancient pilgrim town for Hindus.
The town of Rajgir is situated about 15 km from Nalanda in the state of Bihar. Rajgir was the capital of the Magadh Mahajanpad (State) when Patliputra was not formed. In those days it was called Rajgrih. Lord Buddha spent many years in Rajgir. The Jivekarmavan monastery was the preferred residence of Lord Buddha. Even Bimbisar gave Venuvan Vihar to Lord Buddha for his residence. The Saptparni cave, the ropeway that goes up to the Vishwa Shanti Stupa (one of the 80 Peace Pagodas in the world), Venu Vana , Bimbisar’s Jail, Ajatshatru’s Fort and Jarasandh’s Akhara are some of the historical places in Rajgir.
Nalanda has been a seat of knowledge for over eight centuries in the ancient kingdom of Magadha. It is known as the cradle of one of the oldest universities of the world. It was a Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery, in the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India. The site is located about 95 kilometres southeast of Patna near the town of Bihar Sharif. It was a centre of learning from the fifth century CE to c.1200 CE. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Pilgrim monks from East Asia such as Xuanzang and Yijing travelled to the Mahavihara in the 7th century.
It is said that the Jain thirthankara, Bhagwan Mahavira, spent 14 rainy seasons at Nalanda. Gautama Buddha too is said to have delivered lectures in a nearby mango grove named Pavarika. His Excellency The Dalai Lama refers to himself as a follower of the lineage of the seventeen Nalanda masters.
It was here in 599 BCE the 24th Jain Tirthankara, Bhagwan Mahavira was born and brought up in Kundalagrama in Vaishali republic, which makes it a pious and auspicious pilgrimage site. Gautama Buddha preached his last sermon before his death in c. 483 BCE, then in 383 BCE the Second Buddhist council was convened here by King Kalasoka, making it an important place in both Jain and Buddhist religions. It contains one of the best-preserved of the Pillars of Ashoka, topped by a single Asiatic lion.
Vaishali is well known for its close association with Lord Buddha. After
leaving Kapilavastu on his path of renunciation, he came to Vaishali first and had his spiritual training
TAKHT SRI HARMANDIR SAHIB, PATNA SAHIB
Takht Sri Patna Sahib or Harmandir Sahib is present at Patna Sahib, Bihar,India. It was built in remembrance of the birthplace of Shri Guru Gobind Singhji, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs on 22 December 1666 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh ji (1780- 1839). It is regarded as one of the holiest of five Takhts, the seat of the Sikh authority. Some relics of the tenth Guru are also preserved in this shrine.
Among them is a pangura (cradle) with four stands covered with Golden plates. Guruji during his childhood used to sleep in this cradle. Moreover, four iron arrows, sacred sword of the Master and a pair of his sandals are also preserved. Hukamnamas of Guru Gobind Singh ji and Guru Tegh Bahadur ji contained in a book are also kept in this holy Gurdwara.
Maner Sharif is located about 30 km towards the west of Patna on the National highway 30. It is famous historic and spiritual site of Bihar and is home to two famous tombs, namely Makhdoom Yahya Maneri and Shah Daulat. Makhdoom Yahya Maneri is also called as the Bari Dargah, while Shah Daulat is also called as the Chhoti Dargah. This is the place where Makhdoom died in 1608, after which Ibrahim Khan who was his follower and governor of Bihar, built his mausoleum in 1616. The building of Maner Sharif has intricate scriptures on its dome from the holy book of Quran.
Prof. (Dr.) Harihar Dikshit
Professor & HOD, Department of Pharmacology
Organising secretary, ISRPTCON 2018
Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
Sheikhpura, Patna, Bihar 800014
+91 -8544413193, 08544413194